When a damaged blood vessel starts bleeding, this condition is known as haemorrhage. There are a plethora of things that can cause haemorrhages both outside and inside the body. Besides, haemorrhage can essentially range from a minor bruise to significant bleeding inside the brain.
If you cannot stop external or suspected internal bleeding, it’s imperative to acquire medical attention immediately. Today this article will enlighten you on whether a haemorrhage is a sign of emergency or not. And while you delve deeper, you’ll learn about the possible causes of haemorrhage. Let’s dive in.
Haemorrhage – What is it?
The condition of losing blood from a stringently damaged blood vessel is known as haemorrhage. This can occur both inside and outside the body, while the blood loss could be either major or minor.
Haemorrhages can occur in almost any area of the body. For internal bleeding, blood leaks out from a damaged organ or a blood vessel. And for external haemorrhage, blood exits through a break or tear in the skin.
Nevertheless, blood loss from essentially bleeding tissue might also be apparent. This is when blood exits through a natural opening in the body, including:
- Rectum, etc.
What are the Possible Causes of Haemorrhage?
Bleeding is common; however, internal and external haemorrhage isn’t. There are a wide array of conditions that can cause bleeding, including:
Certain medical conditions can essentially promote haemorrhage. Even though it is very uncommon, some of the conditions that can cause bleeding include:
- Menorrhagia, a prolonged and heavy menstrual bleeding which is most commonly seen in endometriosis
- Liver disease
- Von Willebrand disease
- Low blood platelet count or thrombocytopenia
- Deficiency of Vitamin K
- Colon diverticulosis
- Brain trauma
- Acute bronchitis
- Lung cancer
Any kind of internal or external injury might lead to traumatic bleeding. However, each of their severity might significantly vary. Some of the most common reasons for traumatic bleeding are:
- Hematoma or severe bruises
- Scrapes or abrasions which doesn’t penetrate far below the skin
- Punctured woods from sharp objects, including nails, needles, pins, or knives
- Lacerations or cuts
- Wounds caused due to gunshot, etc.
Drugs and Medicines
It might be surprising, but there are certain medicines which can considerably increase and promote the chances of internal haemorrhage. Nevertheless, your healthcare provider will indeed warn you about the same while prescribing this therapy. Also, you will be given insights into how to deal when the bleeding occurs.
Some of the medications which are responsible for internal haemorrhage include:
- Antibiotics when used for a significantly longer time.
- Blood thinners
- Aspirin and other NSAIDs
- Radiation therapy, etc.
When is a Haemorrhage a Sign of Emergency?
It is imperative to acquire medical attention whenever a haemorrhage has promoted severe bleeding. And if you ever suspect internal bleeding, you should seek emergency help at the earliest. Failing to do so might become stringently life-threatening.
Patients having bleeding disorders or who consume blood thinners should also acquire medical emergencies for any signs of severe bleeding. Some other conditions when you should be seeking help are:
- If you cannot control the bleeding even after using adequate pressure
- If the patient has a high temperature or has gone into shock
- If the cause of bleeding is a severe injury
- If the wounded area requires a tourniquet
- If foreign objects have stuck inside the wound, thereby causing constriction
- If the wounded area is deep and requires stitches to stop the blood
- If the injury has occurred because of a bite from an insect, animal, or even a human
- Suppose the wound appears infected and is persistently swelling and has redness. Also, if the injury is leaking brown or whitish-yellow pus, it is a matter of concern.
When you seek emergency help, the healthcare providers will assist you and ask you what to do. Sometimes, they might also recommend laying the patient down only to reduce the risk of fainting.
How Can Haemorrhage Be Treated?
A patient can bleed to death within as few as 5 minutes. However, you can save their lives if emergency help is acquired correctly. The treatment for haemorrhage varies from person to person and their condition.
Even though you can sometimes stop external bleeding with first aid, internal bleeding cannot be done so. For any case of bleeding, it is always best to apply pressure on the wound with a clean cloth. This will provide aid for some time. But it is imperative to acquire emergency medical attention at the earliest.
External bleeding is visible, so it is easier to notice. And on the contrary, internal bleeding is unnoticeable and might cause damage to the internal organs. So whenever you notice someone is bleeding both externally and internally, you should seek medical attention immediately.